Technology Transfer Agreements between Countries
Sharing information may reduce duplicative research and encourage groups to participate in initial R&D. Provisions like the exemption for technology transfer in Article 81 of the European Commission treaty, which prohibits anti-competitive practices, encourage technology transfer between countries by licensing technology including patents and software.
Hoekman, Bernard M., Keith E. Maskus and Kamal Saggi. “Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries: Unilateral and Multilateral Policy Options.” World Development Vol. 33, No. 10 (2005): 1587 – 1602. Available here.