Research and Development to Meet Health Needs in Developing Countries: Strengthening global financing and coordination
Thoughts from the recent event, "R&D to Meet the Health Needs of Developing Countries"
World Health Organization’s Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development: Financing and Coordination (CEWG) report, “Research and Development to Meet Health Needs in Developing Countries: Strengthening global financing and coordination,” lays out a clear vision for the principles, policies, and framework that should be embodied in a global R&D system to meet the needs of those for whom markets fail.
On May 7th 2012, the Results for Development Institute, Georgetown University’s O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health, and the Harvard Global Health Institute co-hosted an event to debate and discuss this critical report—the first of its kind for a multilateral institution like the WHO. Held at the Results for Development Institute offices in Washington, DC, the event was attended by 65 interested R&D practitioners, policymakers, and other global health stakeholders.
John-Arne Rottingen, the chair of the CEWG, kicked off the event with a keynote presentation emphasizing the need for better and more sustainable financing and coordination mechanisms for diseases affecting low- to middle-income countries. He mentioned four underlying concepts that should be the foundation of a global framework for health R&D:
- Affordable products can best be achieved through free open market competition in production
- Requires delinking of R&D costs and prices of products
- Requires upfront public financing of the R&D
- R&D is reestablished as a global public good where there is need for collective action and agreed financing contributions to avoid free riding
Rottingen emphasized that these elements should be embodied in a global binding instrument such as an international convention or treaty. Much like the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, agreeing to convention for R&D with legal force and an associated financial commitment would represent a systematic and sustainable solution, brought about by collective political leadership.
“This is the challenge for the world as a whole, which has guided our discussions and deliberations. We have framed our recommendations to indicate that finding solutions is the responsibility of all of us in this interdependent world, in developed and developing countries alike.”
After Rottingen’s presentation, the first panel took the stage, moderated by Robert Hecht, Managing Director at Results for Development Institute. Discussants included: Nils Daulaire, Office of Global Health Affairs, Health and Human Services; Judit Rius, Médecines san Frontières Access Campaign; Paul Wilson, Results for Development Institute and Columbia University; and, Rachel Cohen, Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative. A lively discussion ensued regarding the proposals of new funding and coordinating mechanisms. The timeliness of the report and the US Government’s involvement in global health R&D were also topics of discussion. Judit Rius spoke about the concept of delinkage, or separating the cost of R&D from the end product price. She explained that high product prices reflect high costs associated with R&D, and by de-linking these two aspects, products can be made more affordable while R&D can still persist. Nils Daulaire articulated the US Government’s stance on global health R&D, explaining that the US Government clearly has a vested interest in global health R&D which has been plainly shown through its investments. Other topics that were discussed include the growing burden of non-communicable diseases, particularly in developing countries, and the need to ensure global health R&D encompasses these, as well as communicable diseases. While it is promising that there seems to be an emerging consensus about how to address global health R&D needs throughout the world, there is still much work that needs to be done to create a viable framework that moves beyond (successful) voluntary bilateral and philanthropic efforts to more sustainable global commitments.
After a brief question and answer period, the second panel began its discussion, moderated by Larry Gostin, director of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University. The panelists included: Suerie Moon, Global Health Institute, Harvard University; Benn McGrady, O’Neill Institute, Georgetown University; and, Jamie Love, Knowledge Ecology International. This panel discussion focused on the binding instrument and the implications of using legal force to bring about collective action for R&D. Topics discussed included the international treaty on tobacco control and the merits of using a binding instrument for R&D. Moon highlighted that treaty backers will have to consider whether to seek an instrument which is universal, and potentially weaker, or go for a stronger treaty that includes fewer countries. McGrady noted how a convention on R&D may sort out collective action problems related to free riding, improve coordination and mobilize relevant interest groups and establish common norms of social facts. In addition, Jamie Love commented on the merits of broadening the mandate of the WHO R&D Convention to encompass more than just developing countries, but rather to go for a “big” R&D treaty that includes R&D for non-communicable and other diseases affecting developed countries. Love felt that broadening the treaty scope has the potential to address more global health needs, which may be attractive to US or European country governments trying to control health care costs in times of austerity and who may be more willing to join if the treaty is seen as beneficial to their own populations and not just a transfer of income to developing countries.
The event concluded with the clear message that although arriving at a consensus that more attention needs to be paid to R&D is progress in and of itself, this moment must be leveraged appropriately, and there is much work that needs to be done.
Following the discussion, The Fiscal Times covered the issue, the event, and R4D’s recent work on patent pools.
|CEWG Event - John-Arne Presentation CEWG Report 0705 R4D delivered.pdf||1.56 MB|